Relationship between Resilience and Self-efficacy of Parents of Adolescents with ThalassemiaAuthor(s): Najimeh Beygi, Mehrangiz Ghabimi, Maryam Ebrahimpour Roodposhti*, Mahboubeh Yahyanezhad, Seyedeh Farzaneh Hosseini, Fateme Sheikhnejad and Nafiseh Hekmati Pour
Introduction: Thalassemia is a chronic disease that puts high level of stress on parents of affected adolescents. Increasing self-efficacy and the use of coping mechanisms play an important role in parental resilience and adjustment. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between resilience and self-efficacy of parents of thalassemic adolescents.
Methods: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 171 parents of adolescents with thalassemia in Golestan province in 2018. Sampling was done by convenience method. Data were collected using Connor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire and Dumaka Parenting Self Agency Measure-PSAM. The collated data were analyzed by SPSS-21 software using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and statistical tests (linear regression, one-way ANOVA, independent t-test) at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The results showed that parents of thalassemic adolescents had moderate level of resilience and self-efficacy. Statistical test did not show a significant relationship between parental resilience and self-efficacy (p=0.9). Also, the statistical test showed a significant difference between parental resilience and adolescent’s age (p=0.007), so that parents' resilience increased with the adolescent’s age. The results also showed a significant difference between self-efficacy and adolescent’s age (p=0.002), maternal occupation (p=0.03) and parental gender (p=0.009). Self-efficacy was higher in housewives, fathers and parents with older children.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, nurses need to play an important role in increasing the quality of nursing care and strengthening coping strategies by understanding the psychological needs of parents, and promoting their coping mechanisms and self-efficacy.