The Effectiveness of Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on Fatigue among Jordanian Patients with Multiple Sclerosis during Corona EpidemicAuthor(s): Hasan Jamal Al Oran
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on fatigue among Jordanian patients with multiple sclerosis during Corona epidemic. A pre-post quasi-experimental design was conducted. A total of 120 participants were divided in to two groups; 60 participants in the intervention group and 60 participants in the control group. The intervention group received the Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique and was instructed to perform it two specific times a day for 10 minutes each time for 8 weeks. While the control group was subject to routine medication. Data were collected from July 2021 up to November 2021 using the Arabic version of the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale. STROBE guidelines were followed in reporting the review. The pre-intervention and post-intervention levels of the physical, cognitive, psychosocial subscales and the total score of the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale for the intervention group and the control group were compared. Results revealed that there was a statistically significant reduction in the physical, cognitive, psychosocial subscales and the total score of the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale for the intervention group (P<0.05) and there was a non-statistically significant reductions for the control group (P=>0.05). Adding the Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique to therapeutic routine treatments as it is a cost-effective and useful complementary therapy to reduce fatigue level among patients with multiple sclerosis. This study provides a baseline of data that could facilitate further investigations in the future to improve the quality of services delivered to patients with multiple sclerosis, their quality of life, and satisfaction and reduce their fatigue level.