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ISSN: 1935-1232 (P)

ISSN: 1941-2010 (E)

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Abstract

Disorganized Symptoms Predicted Worse Functioning Outcome in Schizophrenia Patients with Established Illness
Author(s): Bruno Bertolucci Ortiz, Ary Gadelha,nCinthia Hiroko Higuchi, Cristiano Noto, Daiane Medeiros, Jos√ɬ© C√ɬ°ssio do Nascimento Pitta, Gerardo Maria de Ara√ɬļjo Filho, Jaime Eduardo Cec√ɬ≠lio Hallak, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan

Most patients with schizophrenia will have subsequent relapses of the disorder, with continuous impairments in functioning. However, evidence is lacking on how symptoms influence functioning at different phases of the disease. This study aims to investigate the relationship between symptom dimensions and functioning at different phases: acute exacerbation, nonremission and remission. Methods: Patients with schizophrenia were grouped into acutely ill (n=89), not remitted (n=89), and remitted (n=69). Three exploratory stepwise linear regression analyses were performed for each phase of schizophrenia, in which the five PANSS factors and demographic variables were entered as the independent variables and the total Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) score was entered as the dependent variable. An additional exploratory stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to predict subsequent remission at discharge in the inpatient population. Results: The Disorganized factor was the most significant predictor for acutely ill patients (p<0.001), while the Hostility factor was the most significant for not-remitted patients and the Negative factor was the most significant for remitted patients (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). In the logistic regression, the Disorganized factor score presented a significant negative association with remission (p=0.007). Conclusions: Higher disorganization symptoms showed the greatest impact in functioning at acute phase, and prevented patients from achieving remission, suggesting it may be a marker of symptom severity and worse outcome in schizophrenia.