Childhood Trauma and Personal Recovery in Schizophrenia: Mediating Role of Experiential Avoidance and Insecure AttachmentAuthor(s): Ricardo M. Hodann-Caudevilla*, Juan Jesús Muñoz García* and Francisco Alfonso Burgos Julián
In recent decade’s interest in the concept of recovery in schizophrenia has grown exponentially. One phenomenon that has been consistently associated with poorer recovery in people with schizophrenia is childhood trauma. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanisms underlying this relationship by analyzing the possible mediating effect of experiential avoidance and insecure attachment.
Method: The sample for this investigation consisted of 109 people with schizophrenia. The assessment employed the following scales: ExpTra- S,AAQ-II, PAM, ISMI and SCIP-S. A Bias-Corrected Bootstrap (BCB) procedure was used in the mediation analysis.
Results: Childhood trauma predicts poorer personal recovery, with experiential avoidance acting as a mediator in this relationship.
Conclusion: People with schizophrenia who have a history of childhood trauma and high levels of experiential avoidance require special clinical attention, with interventions focused on addressing the impact of trauma and on promoting personal recovery.