A Study of Prevalence of Stress, Anxiety and Depression among the Patients with Pcos: A Hospital Based Cross Sectional StudyAuthor(s): Vishnu Prasad Pottipadu, Kishore Kumar Rokkam*, P.S. Murthy and C. Gowtham Reddy
Introduction: Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder in women of reproductive age and is associated with high psychological distress. The current study was aimed to assess the prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depression in patients with PCOS.
Methods: It was a hospital-based cross-sectional study and was carried out at a tertiary care hospital, Nandyal Andhra Pradesh, India, for six months. Patients with PCOS are selected from OPD, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. A questionnaire was given to fill in demographic details and anxiety, depression and stress were assessed using validated scales. The chi square and t test were used to assess the differences between the groups. Variables like BMI, fertility, duration of PCOS association with depression, anxiety and stress were done.
Results: Results showed that most of the study participants were 25-30 years old, living in rural areas, receiving treatment for PCOS for less than one year, unemployed, coming from nuclear families, and with family support. Most of the patients were infertile (with no children) and obese or overweight. Most of the patients had anxiety, stress, and depression, and there was an association between BMI and fertility with the presence of stress, anxiety, and depression.
Conclusion: We conclude that stress, anxiety, and depression are more prevalent among PCOS patients.