A review of the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy (ISTDP) on executive cognitive functions in lupus patientsAuthor(s): Mercedeh Ghazagh, Farah Lotfi kashani*, Shahram Vazir and Hossein Zareh
Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system of the body attacks its own cells. The findings of various studies have shown that the drugs administered in the treatment of lupus affect the functions of the brain which leads to memory loss and cognitive disorders in people with lupus disease. So, these patients have serious defects in the cognitive process of attention and executive functions. In confirmation of these achievements, it has been reported that lupus disease decreases executive function significantly in these patients by causing stressful events. So, since the patients with lupus have serious defects in the cognitive process of attention and executive functions, it is obligatory to fix their functional defects. In this review article, the effectiveness of the ACT as a default approach that neutralizes the effect of drugs and partly improves the executive cognitive functions of patients with lupus, combined with ISTDP has been investigated on attention and executive functioning in patients with lupus. ACT focuses on the present situation of the patient, while ISTDP focuses on the patient's past. The findings of this study provide valuable help in improving the cognitive impairments of people with lupus.