A Literature Review about Impact of COVID-19 on Operative Activity, Educational Process and Mental Health of Surgical ResidentsAuthor(s): Alireza Negahi, Nahid Nafissi, Foolad Eghbali, Behnaz Nouri, Saman Nassiri and Mohammad Nasiri*
Background and aim: The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected all sections of society, including medical staff. Based on a review study, the aim of this study was to look at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on surgical residents, educational process, surgical, and mental health components.
Material and methods: The results of this study were based on the method of review studies. To conduct this study, a systematic search of international databases including Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar between 2000 and 2021 was first performed using related keywords. Finally, 30 articles were chosen based on the scope and the necessary criteria for obtaining data, and the needed results were extracted from them.
Results: The results showed that 6776 residents and 220 program managers participated in these studies, with the largest sample sizes coming from the United States (3187 people), India (716 people) and Italy (661 people), respectively. Furthermore, the results showed that the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on surgical residents', educational activities, as well as mental health, and surgical activities.
Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that COVID-19 pandemic has a negative effect on surgical residents' educational process, as well as increased their anxiety and stress, and for that reason, proper planning by managers is needed to reduce these negative effects.