The Influence of Age and Gender on the Coping Strategies Used By Tunisian Athletes in Team SportAuthor(s): Jamel Hajji*, Anouer Bettayeb, Fekih sofien, Maher Guerchi, Nicola Bragazzi, Fairouz Azaiez and Ali Elloumi
The objective of this article is to present the results of a study on the impact of age and sex on the repertory of coping used by Tunisian athletes in collective sport. In this context, we used the Arabic version of the inventory of sports adaptation strategies for 419 athletes, including 278 men and 141 women with an average age of 19.00 years (SD=5.52). This measuring instrument includes ten first-order coping strategies arranged into three second-order coping strategies. The processing of the data collected by the IBM SPSS software showed the following results. Our study showed that female teen athletes are more likely to adopt coping strategies aimed at disengagement. However, male teen athletes use a task and distraction repertoire of coping. On the other hand, adult female athletes are moving more towards the coping of disengagement and distraction. However, adult male athletes use more task-based coping.
Age and gender are therefore variables that directly influence the repertoire of coping among Tunisian athletes in team sport.