The Contribution of Social Capital Interaction and Javanese Cultural Values towards the Status of Mental HealthAuthor(s): Adriesti Herdaetha*, Aris Sudiyanto, Bani Sudardi and Endang Sutisna
Background: This study aims to find out model of interaction on social capital and Javanese cultural values on mental health status. This study is a cross-sectional survey research on 226 Javanese people in Surakarta. Social capital and Javanese cultural values are measured by self-developed questionnaire by author and friends. Mental health status parameter is self-efficacy which measured by General Self-Efficacy Scale, coping strategies measured by the instrument of Ways of Coping instrument, stress tolerance are measured by Miller Smith Rating Scale for Stress Tolerance, and emotional distress are measured by Hopkins Symptom Check List-25. All questionnaires are translated into Indonesian and have been tested for its validity and reliability. The hypothesis model was tested by path analysis and correlation test using SmartPLS software. The results indicated that social capital has an effect on self-efficacy (b=0.212; p=0.005), social capital has an effect on coping strategies (b=0.166; p=0.007), social capital has an effects stress tolerance (b=0.501; p=0.000), Javanese cultural values has an effect on selfefficacy (b=0.193; p=0.007), Javanese cultural values has an effect on coping strategies (b=391; p=0.000), stress tolerance has an effect on emotional distress (b=0.286; p=0.001), social capital are related to Javanese cultural values (r=0.279; p=0.000), self-efficacy are related to coping strategies (r=0.553; p=0.000), self-efficacy are related to stress tolerance (r=0.416; p=0.000), and stress tolerance are related to coping strategies (r=0.461; p=0.000). This study conclude that there is an interaction between social capital and Javanese cultural values, which the combination has an effect on mental health status.