Suicidal Ideation Among Patients Of Alcohol Dependence Syndrome: A Hospital Based Case Series StudyAuthor(s): Vinod A, Tushar Saini, Krutika Ainapur, Bhaskar Mara*, T. Sanjana and Shiva Kumar BK
Background: Alcohol use has been recorded since ancient times in India. The chronic and heavy use of alcohol has tremendous impact on the medical and social well?being of the individual. Alcohol dependence results in suicidal behaviour leading to serious effects on individuals, families, and society, making it a topic of immense importance.
Aims: This study aims to assess the socio-demographic profile, risk of suicidal ideation and different correlates associated with it, and the severity of depressive symptoms in patients of alcohol dependence syndrome.
Methodology: A total of 120 out-patients’ alcohol dependence syndrome according to ICD-10 were assessed for severity of dependence using Severity of Alcohol-Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ) and Assessment of suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms was conducted using Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation (MSSI) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) respectively. Relationship between the severity of alcohol dependence, suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms are analyzed using SPSS software.
Results: Suicidal ideations and depressive symptoms were present in 60.0% and 75.0% of the study participants respectively. Suicidal ideation was associated with socioeconomic status, religion, age at first alcohol use, severity of alcohol dependence and severity of depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: This study had shown that the individuals with alcohol abuse reported to suffer from depression and suicidal ideation.