Preventive Interventions for Schizophrenia: A Case ReportAuthor(s): Muhammad Shafique Tahir
Prodromal phase of psychosis refers to the period from the first noticeable symptoms or unusual experiences to the first prominent psychotic symptoms. Early recognition and treatment of schizophrenia is one of the most important therapeutic goals. However, symptoms presented during the prodromal phase of psychosis are often nonspecific and difficult to recognize. Therefore, the Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS) and the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes (SIPS) are designed to help clinicians identify prodromal symptoms. In addition, the Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States Scale (CAARMS) is designed to help recognize individuals at high risk. Furthermore, preventive interventions have been suggested for such at-risk patients to delay or prevent progression to psychosis. These interventions include psychosocial support, close monitoring of worsening of the symptoms, psychotherapeutic approaches, and early judicious use of antipsychotics, if warranted.