Prevalence of Insomnia and Sleep Disorders in Al-Najaf Province Doctors.Author(s): Esraa Sadiq Ameen* and Qais Ismaeel Kadhem
Introduction: Insomnia disorder affects a large proportion of the population on a situational, recurrent or chronic basis and is among the most common complaints in medical practice. Insomnia disorder is a condition characterized by both nocturnal and diurnal symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence of insomnia and quality of the sleep in doctors with different age groups and multiple grades of practitioners and specialties in Al-Najaf province doctors. Methods: This cross sectional study conducted from May to July in Al-Najaf province. Made by direct focused questions, asked by a list made with an online form sent privately for each doctor in order to cover all aspects of their personal data and insomnia patterns with other sleep disorders and associated products used like stimulants and hypnotic etc. the universities’ ethics committee approved the protocol. Results: By using a cross sectional study, we included 369 doctors from Al-Najaf governorate. Their mean age was (33.5 years + 8.5 years), the study discussed fourteen parameters and their relationship to insomnia at each group. Regarding the discussed parameters, There is significant association between insomnia present and (caffeine use, cigarette smoking, use of hypnotic drug, tingling sensation and abnormal behavior during sleep); (40.3%) of insomniac doctors have 2-3 cup of caffeine while (21.8%) of insomniac doctors have >3 cup of caffeine. (84.8%) of insomniac doctors have no smocking histories. (74%) of insomniac doctors has no hypnotic drug use, (38.7%) of insomniac doctors with tingling or other sensation in leg. (27.2%) of insomniac doctors with or may be with abnormal behavior during sleep. Conclusion: The results of the present study provide support for a clear relationship between the mentioned above factors that we asked for and troubled sleep, high insomnia prevalence and poor quality of the sleep among doctors.