Investigating the Relationship between the Duration of Hospitalization and Receiving Various Types of Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs in Patients with Schizophrenia: A Cross-Sectional StudyAuthor(s): Mohammad Hosein Sheybani-Arani*, Fatemeh Khajavi-Mayvan, Ali Salimi Asl, Parichehr Hamzeie, Sholeh Namazi, Hamzeh Seddigh, Ali Massoudifar and Farah Moayedi
Background: Schizophrenia is a complex and heterogeneous disorder with diverse and multiple symptoms that cannot be distinguished based on the intrinsic disease process, the effects of drug therapy, or continuous and prolonged hospitalization. In recent years, significant advances have been made in schizophrenia.
Objectives: Due to the burden placed on relatives and caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and the community and the need to pay attention to the well-being of these patients, we examined these patients by receiving a variety of typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs during the treatment process.
Methods: 120 cases of patients with schizophrenia were hospitalized in Ebn-e-Sina Hospital in Bandar Abbas and were included in the study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Information on the length of hospitalization and the type of treatment received was recorded in the researcher checklist. Data were statistically analyzed after entering SPSS software.
Results: Out of 120 patients studied, 33 (27/5%) were female, and 87 (72/5%) were male. Fifty-four patients (0/45%) were treated with typical drugs, and 66 patients (0/55%) were treated with atypical medications. The hospital stay of patients receiving atypical drugs was significantly more extended than that of patients treated with typical drugs.
Conclusions: This study showed that the length of hospitalization of patients who received atypical drugs is significantly longer than that of patients treated with typical drugs. It was also seen that in both gender groups, the length of hospitalization of patients who received atypical drugs was significantly more than patients treated with typical drugs.