Emotional Intelligence and its Relationship to Psychological Hardiness among nursesAuthor(s): Noor Ali Hassan, Iman Husseian Alwan
Background: The nursing profession is one that requires a unique combination of emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness. Nurses are often required to manage their own emotions, as well as the emotions of their patients and their families. They must also be able to remain committed to their goals, maintain a sense of control over their work, and view challenges as opportunities for growth. Therefore, the study aims to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness among nurses. Methods: A descriptive correlational study conducted at the Medical city hospitals in Baghdad city on a sample of (156) nurses who were selected randomly from the medical city hospitals. The validity of the questionnaire was verified by experts to prove its validity and its reliability was verified through a pilot study. The total number of items included in the questionnaire was 45 items of emotional intelligence and 46 items for psychological hardiness. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaire and analyzed by applying descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. Results: The results show that the majority of nurses are between the ages of 25 and 35, female (64.7%), and married (54.5%), and are associated with a high socioeconomic status (67.9%), it also shows that the majority of nurses in the sample have a diploma in nursing (42.3%), work in medical wards (44.2%), and have 5 or more years of experience (64.1%). Results showed that nurses had a moderate level of emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness and there is a strong positive correlation between emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness. Conclusions: The study concluded that there is a positive correlation between emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness among nurses meaning that the psychological hardiness increase with increasing emotional intelligence.