Effect of Art Therapy on AdolescentsAuthor(s): Shruti Mittal* and Mamata Mahapatra
This paper provides a review of the significance of art therapy in promoting identity formation during adolescence. Art therapy is a form of experiential treatment intervention whereby the selection and use of art materials, the creativity and counseling of the art therapists, and the artwork are assumed to enhance emotional competence and resolve identity crises among adolescents. Although previous studies suggest positive outcomes of art therapy, there are insignificant breakthroughs in India due to the slow evolution process of art therapy from therapeutic state to professionalism. It is suggested that most Indians seek professional training from western countries, and in return, they face acculturation and adaptability concerns. The literature shows that adolescents with complex identity crises and diffusion benefit from art therapy techniques reinforcing self-understanding. Art therapy's responsiveness promotes flexibility in the expression and art therapist's behavior over the adolescent's needs, thereby reinstating a sense of safety and control of life. Adoption of ethnocentrism in Indian art therapy enhances alleviation of acculturation and adaptability issues.