Dysfunctional Parental Styles and Suicidal Ideation in School Adolescents in Hu�nuco, 2020Author(s): Flor MarÃa Ayala Albites*, MarÃa Luisa Matalinares Calvet, Ricardo Carlos Zubiaga Martel, Ana Gloria DÃaz Acosta, Silvia Alicia Martel Chang and Abner A. Fonseca Livias
This study is the result of a quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional research. Its objective was to describe the relationship between the variables: dysfunctional parental styles and Suicidal Ideation. For this purpose, the parental styles scale (MOPS), adapted by (Matalinares, 2014) and the Beck Suicidal Ideation Scale constructed by Beck (1970), were applied, adapted to the national context by Bobadilla in Chiclayo (2004). The study found significant relationships between maternal and paternal dysfunctional styles and Suicidal Ideation. The highest correlation scores were between the dimensions: father abuse (rho=0.45) and mother abuse (rho=0.396) with Suicidal Ideation, i.e., the greater the imposition and verticality in parental relationships, the greater the presence of Suicidal Ideation. Another associated element shows that if there are significant differences (significance<0.05), in ideation by gender, it is women who present greater ideation than men. No significant differences were found in the variables studied, according to educational level. It is concluded that, by verifying the significant relationships between parental styles and Suicidal Ideation in a sample of adolescents in school in Huánuco, the results are interpreted in the prevention of suicide in the local context.