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ISSN: 1935-1232 (P)

ISSN: 1941-2010 (E)

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Abstract

Association of Stigma, Self-Esteem, and Symptoms with Concurrent and Prospective Assessment of Social Anxiety in Schizophrenia

Author(s): Paul H. Lysaker , Philip T. Yanos , Jared Outcalt , David Roe

Rationale: Often overlooked clinically, social anxiety is common in schizophrenia and may represent a barrier to quality of life and social function. Little is known, however, about the possible roots of social anxiety in schizophrenia or their relationship to social anxiety over time. Methods: To explore this issue, we examined the relationship between self-esteem, self-stigma, positive and negative symptoms, emotional discomfort and affect recognition with concurrent and prospective assessments of social anxiety using the Multidimensional Anxiety Questionnaire in a sample of seventy-eight persons meeting criteria for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Results: Univariate correlations revealed that self-esteem, self-stigma, negative symptoms and emotional discomfort were significantly related to social anxiety assessed concurrently and five months later. Multiple regressions revealed negative symptoms and discrimination experiences in particular were found to predict social anxiety prospectively even when initial levels of social anxiety were controlled for statistically. Conclusions: Negative symptoms and self-stigma may be consistently related to social anxiety across time