Assessment the Level of Psychological Resilience among Senior Undergraduate Nursing StudentsAuthor(s): Osama Maki Jawad, Qahtan Q. Mohammed
Background: Psychological resilience is one of the most important concepts related to the lives of individuals, as the challenges and pressures of life are tangible in all societies, and these challenges and pressures increase due to the nature of the current situation in every society, including the Iraqi society, due to a large number of social and psychological requirements. This study aimed to assess the level of psychological resilience among undergraduate senior nursing students and to determine the difference in psychological resilience among nursing students' gender, age, residency, marital status, and socioeconomic status. Method: A descriptive study and non-probability purposive sampling was conducted from December 2022 to May 2023. The participants were (289) undergraduate senior nursing students at four nursing colleges (the University of Baghdad, the University of Kufa, the University of Babylon, and the University of Karbala) participated in this. The data collection method is a self-reported questionnaire. The instruments used were two axes; the first was a demographic questionnaire, and the second was the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISK). The descriptive and inferential statistical analysis collected and analyzed data. Results: The results reveal that most participants, as reported among (65.4%) of participants (M ± SD=60.32 ± 9.115), The highest mean level was observed in all dimensions of psychological resilience except the domains of optimism, which showed a moderate level with (M ± SD=2.29 ± .67). The finding reveals no significant association between psychological resilience with (age) at P value=.200, (religion) at pvalue= .331 and (economic status) at p-value= .622. Conclusions: The study indicated that most students had high psychological resilience; the overall average reveals a psychological resilience level that is highly significant across all categories except the domains of optimism, and the study concluded that no significant association between senior students' socio-demographic status regarding age, socioeconomic status, and religion with psychological resilience; nevertheless, there was a strong correlation in the domains of residency, gender, and marital status. Recommendations: The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research should emphasize psychological resilience because of its direct impact on young people and university students, particularly their problems and obstacles.