Analysis of Drug Supply Management of the Pharmacy Warehouse of Prof. Dr. Soerojo Mental Health Hospital, Magelang, IndonesiaAuthor(s): Muhammad Thesa Ghozali*, Dini Nur Latifah and Aiman Darayani
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that drugs take the largest portion of the healthcare expenditure budget. In developing countries, the drugs budget ranges from 24%– 66% of the total and should therefore be managed effectively and efficiently. In Indonesia, the drug budget consumes around 40% of total healthcare expenditure. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of the drug supply management of the pharmacy warehouse of the Prof. Dr. Soerojo Mental Health Hospital in the Magelang subdistrict, Central Java Province, Indonesia. This is a non-experimental descriptive study in which quantitative data were retrospectively obtained by observing and tracing documents on the drug supply management process at the hospital’s pharmacy warehouse, i.e., the selection, planning, procurement, storage, and distribution. The obtained data were analyzed with indicators of effectiveness and efficiency of drug supply management from the Indonesian Ministry of Health and a hospital indicator as a complement. Results showed that the conformity of drug selection was 81%; drug planning was 65.93% for budgets and 61% for the number of drug types; drug procurement was 7.2% for allocated budgets, 0% for incorrect invoices, and 1.5 times for delayed payments; drug storage was 100% for drugs listed on stock cards, 0.1% for expired and damaged drugs, and 2.6% for dead stock; and drug distribution was 100% for serviced drugs. It can be concluded that the process of selection, procurement, storage, and distribution shows conformity; in contrast, the planning processes were not found to conform. This study suggests that the pharmacy installation of the hospital should improve the quality of the drug supply management performance by optimizing the use of information system management to evaluate the supply management on a regular basis, based on predetermined indicators. This will enable the next steps to be taken to improve the effectivity and efficiency of the management.