A Systematic Study of Mental Disorders in Primary Health Care: Their Frequency and Diagnosis in Gulf CountriesAuthor(s): Fatmah Mohammed Abdulrahman Alasmari, Naif Alasiri, Sayed Shahbal*, Areej Ali Abdullah Awwadh, Bushra Ali Awwadh, Amani Helal Alrowily, Nora Nida Alazimi, Zahra Mohamed Alshehri, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Alotaibi and Noor Faisal Alhothali
Background: Mental health issues are becoming serious issues for personal, community and global healthcare. As among most prevalent health, issues are also linked with mild to severe mental health disorders. Like other countries, Arab Region especially Gulf Region is also facing the same issue.
Aim: To evaluate mental disorders in primary healthcare settings. Also, evaluate the frequency and diagnosis of mental disorders among the primary healthcare in Gulf countries.
Method: A systematic search of databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL, was conducted to classify important studies published between 2019 and 2023. The inclusion criteria for this study consisted of selecting articles written in English that specifically examined the mental disorders, mental health challenges and frequency of mental disorders among them. Additionally, the chosen articles had to use wellestablished scales for measurement and provide valuable data on team dynamics. After initial screening and quality assessment, ten studies were included in the synthesis.
Results: Within this systematic literature, four subthemes have been identified as Mental health-challenged Mental Health challenges due to long hours of work; due to burnout; due to workplace violence; due to frequent night shifts; different mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, stress, aggression and burnout. It also identifies the frequency mental disorders among the female primary healthcare providers.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the primary healthcare experiences the different psychological disorders such as anxiety, depression and stress, which linked with workload, shifts and long hours. It is also frequently found among the primary healthcare who are experiencing the violence within the work setting. Migrant’s primary healthcare found to be more depressed and anxious due to different cultural changes and burnout. It is also examined in the systematic review that female primary healthcare experience more mental disorders and challenges than the male.