A Study of Stress, Anxiety and Depression among Patients with Chronic Back Pain: A Cross-Sectional AnalysisAuthor(s): Vanam Harshavardhan, Kishore Kumar Rokkam*, P.S.Murthy and Vishnu Prasad Pottipadu
Objectives: To study the prevalence of stress, depression and anxiety in patients with chronic back pain and to correlate with socio demographic variables.
Methods: A total of 60 patients with chronic back pain attending Orthopaedic Out Patient’s Department (OPD) as well as admitted in the Orthopaedic ward for investigation or therapeutic purposes in Santhiram General Hospital during the study period were selected by purposive sampling. These patients were assessed by applying Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS21). Proportion was compared using chi-square test, scores of scales were compared using the Mann- Whitney test and Kruskal-Walli’s test followed by Dunn’s post-hoc multiple comparisons. Statistical data analysis was done by using IBM SPSS version 25.0. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: In this study 58.3% of patients had moderate depression,28.3% had mild depression.43.3% of patients had moderate anxiety and 38.3% of patients had severe anxiety and 40.0% of patients had stress respectively. There was statistically significant association with gender, duration of backpain for depression and anxiety.
Conclusions: Patients with chronic back pain had a moderate frequency of depression, and moderate anxiety.