A Literature Review about the Oral Health Status of Schizophrenic Patients and Autistic Children in IranAuthor(s): Emir Farboud Bonabian*, Volkan Soylu and Gamze Sarica
Background and aim: Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder, and autism is one of the developmental, psycho-neurological disorders in early childhood. Both of these disorders can harm the dental health of patients with schizophrenia and autism. This study aimed to review the dental health status of schizophrenic patients and children with autism in Iran based on previous studies.
Material and methods: The systemic search by MeSH in several national and international databases, including the Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, Magiran, and IranDoc in the period 2000–2021, was carried out under PRISMA's guidelines to review and extract the results from published articles related to the subject under study.
Results: The study results showed that the rate of tooth decay in patients with schizophrenia is higher than in healthy individuals, and the rate of tooth decay in children with autism is higher than in healthy children.
Conclusion: Based on the present study results, it is possible to conclude that the dental health status of schizophrenia patients and children with autism is unfavorable. Therefore, due to the sensitivity of these patients' dental health, the government has taken steps to address their needs, including establishing special dental centers, lowering the cost of dental restorations and educating parents of children with autism and caregivers of people with schizophrenia.