A Cross-Sectional Study on Depression and its Associated Factors among Adults in Urban Can Tho, VietnamAuthor(s): Lam Phuc Duong*, Nhan The Ho and Tin Trung Pham
Background: This study set out to determine the prevalence of depression and its associated factors in Can Tho City, Vietnam's urban community.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study with a sample of 449 people aged 18 to 60 years old was conducted in Ninh Kieu district, Can Tho city, from September 2015 to June 2016. Depression was measured using the PQH-9 Patient Health Scale. The total PHQ-9 scores ranged from 0 to 27. Scores of 5, 10, 15, and 20 represent cut-off scores for mild, moderate, and major depression, respectively. and analyze related factors by multivariable logistic regression.
Results: Sixteen percent of participants met the cutoff point for depression, a score of 5 or over. There were 12.2% with mild depression, 2.9% with moderate depression, 0.7% with moderately severe depression, and 0.2% with severe depression. Chronic diseases (OR=2.79; p=0.005), introversion/affectivity (OR=3.12; p=0.002), failure in work or study (OR=4.40; p<0.001), family history of mental illness (OR=8.93; p=0.029), family unhappiness (OR=5.61; p=0.002), and relatives dying or suffering from severe illness (OR=2.75; p=0.004).
Conclusion: This study provides an alarming signal for health professionals and health policymakers in Can Tho City about the need for better recognition of depression and its associated factors in adult people.